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SecurityInfoWatch.com on Ways to Protect Your Organization’s Data, Improve Cybersecurity

October 12, 2018

Hikvision Offers Cybersecurity Best Practices, Tips to Avoid Phishing, Malware

Hikvision Offers Cybersecurity Best Practices, Tips to Avoid Phishing, Malware

 

In the SecurityInfoWatch.com (SIW) article, “Don’t let poor data security become your organization’s biggest liability,” the author offers advice to help organizations better protect their data from security breach, and be more data resilient if hit with a malware attack.

From the article: “As the amount of private and confidential data grows, compliance should no longer be an option, but a requirement. At the same time, cybercrime is evolving to become more sophisticated and unpredictable. WannaCry, one of the most notable ransomware strains of 2017, targeted computers running on older Microsoft Windows operating systems. It was a new variant of malware that automatically spread itself, installing backdoors onto infected systems and infiltrating users’ computers through the network, bypassing the usual step of the user opening an email. Early in 2018, ransomware attacks against Atlanta and Baltimore disrupted critical emergency services and resulted in the loss of critical data.”

How to Protect Data When Dealing with Ransomware

Ransomware is a cybersecurity attack that uses malware to exploit a system vulnerability. According to the article, the U.S. Government’s Department of Homeland Security (DHS) made recommendations that organizations implement best practices such as provide employee security training, update software in a timely manner, and perform frequent data backups.

The article also offers three strategic actions organizations can take to improve data recovery after a malware attack:

  1. Use data backup and recovery plans to ensure resilience if a ransomware attack were to occur
  2. Employ data access management and encryption to minimize the effect of malware
  3. Store data in multiple locations in different geographies to improve data recovery and resilience

Employees and Data Security

Referencing Coca-Cola’s data security breach due to unauthorized employee access, the author recommends the following actions to improve organizational control over data:

  1. Develop an internal policy that requires “access limitations across the organization, which only grant data access to the roles requiring the data in a usable format to perform their jobs.” Ensure that you select a solution that offers the ability to set up these role-based permissions.
  2. Create a culture of security that includes “organization-specific best practices for sending, opening and saving files.”

More on Data Control

The cloud and GDPR present new opportunities to improve the way data is handled, stored and protected, according to SIW. To meet regulatory standards and to improve cybersecurity, the author recommends a strong industry-standard encryption such as FIPS 140-2, cryptographic policy enforcement, data destruction, access auditing and integrated key management.

 

To read the full article, click here.

Hikvision Offers Cybersecurity Best Practices

Hikvision has offered cybersecurity best practices for partners to reduce risk of security breach and minimize concerns. Efforts have included the following cybersecurity initiatives:

Hikvision also recently announced its achievement of the U.S. Government Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 140-2 Level 1 certification, an encryption standard created by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for its encryption module (HikSSL) to be used in both IP camera and NVR products.

In addition, Hikvision has written numerous cybersecurity blogs with best practices, tips and insights. Visit us online for more.

IMPORTANT! This model requires non-standard firmware. Do Not Install standard firmware (e.g. v.4.1.xx) on this model. Doing so will permanently damage your system. You must use custom firmware v.4.1.25 from the iDS-9632NXI-I8/16S product page.

View the most updated version of this document here:

https://techsupportca.freshdesk.com/en/support/solutions/articles/17000113531-i-series-nvr-firmware-upgrade-instructions

 

The I-series NVR (such as the DS-7716NI-I4) is one of Hikvision's most popular and feature-rich recorders. As such, many firmware revisions have been introduced over the years to continually ensure the product is compatible with the newest technology available. Due to the many revisions, we recommend that the user closely follows the instructions below in order to reduce the amount of time spent as well as the chance of failure.

 

Database Optimization and Repair

As more affordable IP cameras are introduced over time with greater video resolution and data sizes, more efficient database management also becomes necessary. The introduction of firmware v4.0 brought about a new database architecture in order to be futureproof.

 

After upgrading to v4.X, the recorder database will need to be converted and optimized. If you are experiencing issues where playback is expected but not found, make sure "Database Repair" is performed as indicated in the procedures and scenarios below.

 

Preparing the Upgrade

Before proceeding with upgrade, it is recommended that NVR configuration file is exported from the NVR over the network or on to a local USB drive.

 

Upgrading from v3.4.92 build 170518 or Older

  1. All recorders must reach v3.4.92 before proceeding further. Upgrading from versions before v3.4.92 directly to any version of v4.X will likely cause the recorder to fail.
  2. If the recorder is already at v3.4.92, a full factory default is highly recommended before upgrading to any version of v4.X. There is a high chance of unit failure (requiring RMA) if the unit is not defaulted before upgrade.
  3. After reaching v3.4.92 and performing a full factory default, an upgrade directly to v4.50.00 is acceptable.
  4. After the upgrade is completed and the recorder is reprogrammed, it may be beneficial to perform a Database Repair. For details, refer to the section "Database Optimization and Repair" above.
  5. To verify repair progress, you may refer to the HDD status, or search the recorder log for repair started and stopped entries. Note that while the HDD is repairing, new recordings are still being made, but some existing recordings may not be searchable until repair is complete.
  6. If you continue to observe playback issues after database repair, ensure there are no power, network, or motion detection issues. Should the problem persist, contact technical support.

 

Upgrading from Any v4.X Build to v4.50.00.

  1. Any v4.X build can be upgraded directly to v4.50.00.
  2. Export configuration is highly recommended before performing the upgrade.
  3. If upgrading from any v4.X version that was not v4.22.005, a Database Repair is recommended. Refer to Step 4 and onwards in the previous section.

 

Downgrading

Downgrading is not recommended. Due to new features and parameters constantly being added, downgrading may cause the NVR to factory default itself or require a manual default to operate properly.

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