SIA Outlines 4 Password Best Practices to Prevent Security Breach

October 29, 2018

SIA Outlines 4 Password Best Practices to Prevent Security Breach

Hikvision Recognizes NCSAM, Provides Advice to Identify Phishing Emails, Prevent Malware


For National Cybersecurity Awareness Month (NCSAM), a collaboration between the U.S. government and industry, the Security Industry Association (SIA) shared its top password tips to prevent security breach.

From the article: “The most common vector for a cybersecurity breach is an unsecure password, and for good reason: password maintenance is cumbersome and often gets ignored. Since passwords make up a well-known attack surface, however, there are many useful tools and tips to help with password security.”

Below are SIA’s four best practices for developing strong passwords from the article:

  1. Create strong, unique passwords. Using a passphrase is better than a password, such as “CuddlesGetsBirthdayCakeonJuly22!” instead of “Cuddles722,” referring to your cat. “It’s longer but just as easy to remember and much more secure,” according to SIA.
  2. Establish a unique password for every account. Avoid using the same password for multiple account logins.
  3. Keep passwords to yourself and reset default passwords when setting up a new device or account.
  4. Store your passwords safely. “Use a password manager along with a strong 'master password,' preferably with strong authentication (e.g., biometrics, mobile key confirmation), for all cloud-based business resources,” from the article.  

Hikvision is recognizing NCSAM with its own series of blogs this month offering best practices to secure our homes, our workplace and the global Internet at large. For more, you can read our latest NCSAM blog, “Cybersecurity at Home: Hikvision Cybersecurity Director Talks Network Security and Network Segmentation,” at this link.

Hikvision has posted numerous cybersecurity blogs offering tips and insights to improve passwords, identify phishing emails, and prevent malware. Click here to read more.

IMPORTANT! This model requires non-standard firmware. Do Not Install standard firmware (e.g. v.4.1.xx) on this model. Doing so will permanently damage your system. You must use custom firmware v.4.1.25 from the iDS-9632NXI-I8/16S product page.

View the most updated version of this document here:


The I-series NVR (such as the DS-7716NI-I4) is one of Hikvision's most popular and feature-rich recorders. As such, many firmware revisions have been introduced over the years to continually ensure the product is compatible with the newest technology available. Due to the many revisions, we recommend that the user closely follows the instructions below in order to reduce the amount of time spent as well as the chance of failure.


Database Optimization and Repair

As more affordable IP cameras are introduced over time with greater video resolution and data sizes, more efficient database management also becomes necessary. The introduction of firmware v4.0 brought about a new database architecture in order to be futureproof.


After upgrading to v4.X, the recorder database will need to be converted and optimized. If you are experiencing issues where playback is expected but not found, make sure "Database Repair" is performed as indicated in the procedures and scenarios below.


Preparing the Upgrade

Before proceeding with upgrade, it is recommended that NVR configuration file is exported from the NVR over the network or on to a local USB drive.


Upgrading from v3.4.92 build 170518 or Older

  1. All recorders must reach v3.4.92 before proceeding further. Upgrading from versions before v3.4.92 directly to any version of v4.X will likely cause the recorder to fail.
  2. If the recorder is already at v3.4.92, a full factory default is highly recommended before upgrading to any version of v4.X. There is a high chance of unit failure (requiring RMA) if the unit is not defaulted before upgrade.
  3. After reaching v3.4.92 and performing a full factory default, an upgrade directly to v4.50.00 is acceptable.
  4. After the upgrade is completed and the recorder is reprogrammed, it may be beneficial to perform a Database Repair. For details, refer to the section "Database Optimization and Repair" above.
  5. To verify repair progress, you may refer to the HDD status, or search the recorder log for repair started and stopped entries. Note that while the HDD is repairing, new recordings are still being made, but some existing recordings may not be searchable until repair is complete.
  6. If you continue to observe playback issues after database repair, ensure there are no power, network, or motion detection issues. Should the problem persist, contact technical support.


Upgrading from Any v4.X Build to v4.50.00.

  1. Any v4.X build can be upgraded directly to v4.50.00.
  2. Export configuration is highly recommended before performing the upgrade.
  3. If upgrading from any v4.X version that was not v4.22.005, a Database Repair is recommended. Refer to Step 4 and onwards in the previous section.



Downgrading is not recommended. Due to new features and parameters constantly being added, downgrading may cause the NVR to factory default itself or require a manual default to operate properly.

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