SIW on Top Five Security Concerns Organizations Need to Address

August 28, 2019

Hikvision HikWire blog article five cyber threats enterprises face

Hikvision Tips to Prevent Credential Stuffing


The (SIW) article, “The Top 5 Cybersecurity Threats Plaguing Enterprises,” outlines five security concerns organizations should prepare for in 2019, including malware which is more costly now than security breach.

From the article: “In a perfect world, all organizations, no matter the size or industry, would be backed by integrated technologies and machine-learning enabled analytics with teams at the ready to defend their systems, data and employees. But unfortunately, that level of security usually is not financially or logistically feasible. Although cyberattacks may seem like a distant threat on a day-to-day basis, there are a handful of attacks on the rise that every future-oriented leader should be including in their security strategy.”

Security threats outlined in the article include:

  • Ransomware is a type of malware that is expected to cost $11.5 billion this year, and has become more expensive than data security breaches.
  • The growth of the cloud, SaaS (software as a service), and bring-your-own-device means the growth of attack vectors for hackers to pick from. Securing access for off-premise resources is an important consideration for organizations today.
  • Phishing, the number one attack vector for hackers, is growing in sophistication. Increased use of services such as Dropbox and Salesforce has led to hackers “improving their impersonation skills with more sophisticated attack types ranging from credential stuffing to advanced social engineering methodologies.”

Read more here.

Hikvision’s cybersecurity director outlined credential stuffing in this blog with tips to address this security concern.

IMPORTANT! This model requires non-standard firmware. Do Not Install standard firmware (e.g. v.4.1.xx) on this model. Doing so will permanently damage your system. You must use custom firmware v.4.1.25 from the iDS-9632NXI-I8/16S product page.

View the most updated version of this document here:


The I-series NVR (such as the DS-7716NI-I4) is one of Hikvision's most popular and feature-rich recorders. As such, many firmware revisions have been introduced over the years to continually ensure the product is compatible with the newest technology available. Due to the many revisions, we recommend that the user closely follows the instructions below in order to reduce the amount of time spent as well as the chance of failure.


Database Optimization and Repair

As more affordable IP cameras are introduced over time with greater video resolution and data sizes, more efficient database management also becomes necessary. The introduction of firmware v4.0 brought about a new database architecture in order to be futureproof.


After upgrading to v4.X, the recorder database will need to be converted and optimized. If you are experiencing issues where playback is expected but not found, make sure "Database Repair" is performed as indicated in the procedures and scenarios below.


Preparing the Upgrade

Before proceeding with upgrade, it is recommended that NVR configuration file is exported from the NVR over the network or on to a local USB drive.


Upgrading from v3.4.92 build 170518 or Older

  1. All recorders must reach v3.4.92 before proceeding further. Upgrading from versions before v3.4.92 directly to any version of v4.X will likely cause the recorder to fail.
  2. If the recorder is already at v3.4.92, a full factory default is highly recommended before upgrading to any version of v4.X. There is a high chance of unit failure (requiring RMA) if the unit is not defaulted before upgrade.
  3. After reaching v3.4.92 and performing a full factory default, an upgrade directly to v4.50.00 is acceptable.
  4. After the upgrade is completed and the recorder is reprogrammed, it may be beneficial to perform a Database Repair. For details, refer to the section "Database Optimization and Repair" above.
  5. To verify repair progress, you may refer to the HDD status, or search the recorder log for repair started and stopped entries. Note that while the HDD is repairing, new recordings are still being made, but some existing recordings may not be searchable until repair is complete.
  6. If you continue to observe playback issues after database repair, ensure there are no power, network, or motion detection issues. Should the problem persist, contact technical support.


Upgrading from Any v4.X Build to v4.50.00.

  1. Any v4.X build can be upgraded directly to v4.50.00.
  2. Export configuration is highly recommended before performing the upgrade.
  3. If upgrading from any v4.X version that was not v4.22.005, a Database Repair is recommended. Refer to Step 4 and onwards in the previous section.



Downgrading is not recommended. Due to new features and parameters constantly being added, downgrading may cause the NVR to factory default itself or require a manual default to operate properly.

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