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Using Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) to Reduce Password Hacks & Authentication Vulnerabilities

November 3, 2020

Hikvision HikWire blog article MFA to Prevent Password Hacks

Hikvision on MFA to Prevent Password Hacks

 

The SecurityInfoWatch.com (SIW) article, “Can multi-factor authentication (MFA) save us from password-based attacks?” discussed the role of MFA helping to reduce password hacks and the vulnerability of password authentication.

From the article: “In the near-term, most of us need something to prevent our worst instincts when it comes to choosing passwords: using personal information, predictable (i.e. sequential) keystroke patterns, password variations, well-known substitutions, single words from a dictionary, and—above all—reusing the same password for many different private and enterprise accounts.”

This Hikvision blog describes MFA: “Hikvision Cybersecurity Director on Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) to Reduce Security Concerns, Lower Risk of Password Being Hacked.” MFA requires a user to provide an additional means of authentication or verification, in addition to entering a username and password, in order to log into an account or website. MFA adds two or more pieces of verifiable evidence or factors to the authentication process to greatly reduce security concerns by lowering the chances of an account being accessed by the wrong person. Two-factor authentication (2FA) is a subset of MFA and is a means of authenticating with just two pieces of verifiable evidence or factors.

According to the SIW story, one system many organizations use to protect data beyond passwords is VPNs (virtual private networks) when employees connect to company networks from their home or other remote locations. MFA is one approach to additional verification that can enhance protection without having to enforce traditional password policies. The article added that another method gaining in popularity is the use of biometrics, such as fingerprints, to improve security and overcome password authentication vulnerabilities.

Click this link to read the entire SIW article.

For more on reducing password hacks, check out this Hikvision blog on MFA. For insights on a wide range of cybersecurity vulnerabilities, read this Hikvision article: “Cyber Vulnerability 3-Part Blog Series: Hikvision’s Senior Director of Cybersecurity On Vulnerabilities, Automatic Software Updates, and Your Home Network.”

IMPORTANT! This model requires non-standard firmware. Do Not Install standard firmware (e.g. v.4.1.xx) on this model. Doing so will permanently damage your system. You must use custom firmware v.4.1.25 from the iDS-9632NXI-I8/16S product page.

View the most updated version of this document here:

https://techsupportca.freshdesk.com/en/support/solutions/articles/17000113531-i-series-nvr-firmware-upgrade-instructions

 

The I-series NVR (such as the DS-7716NI-I4) is one of Hikvision's most popular and feature-rich recorders. As such, many firmware revisions have been introduced over the years to continually ensure the product is compatible with the newest technology available. Due to the many revisions, we recommend that the user closely follows the instructions below in order to reduce the amount of time spent as well as the chance of failure.

 

Database Optimization and Repair

As more affordable IP cameras are introduced over time with greater video resolution and data sizes, more efficient database management also becomes necessary. The introduction of firmware v4.0 brought about a new database architecture in order to be futureproof.

 

After upgrading to v4.X, the recorder database will need to be converted and optimized. If you are experiencing issues where playback is expected but not found, make sure "Database Repair" is performed as indicated in the procedures and scenarios below.

 

Preparing the Upgrade

Before proceeding with upgrade, it is recommended that NVR configuration file is exported from the NVR over the network or on to a local USB drive.

 

Upgrading from v3.4.92 build 170518 or Older

  1. All recorders must reach v3.4.92 before proceeding further. Upgrading from versions before v3.4.92 directly to any version of v4.X will likely cause the recorder to fail.
  2. If the recorder is already at v3.4.92, a full factory default is highly recommended before upgrading to any version of v4.X. There is a high chance of unit failure (requiring RMA) if the unit is not defaulted before upgrade.
  3. After reaching v3.4.92 and performing a full factory default, an upgrade directly to v4.50.00 is acceptable.
  4. After the upgrade is completed and the recorder is reprogrammed, it may be beneficial to perform a Database Repair. For details, refer to the section "Database Optimization and Repair" above.
  5. To verify repair progress, you may refer to the HDD status, or search the recorder log for repair started and stopped entries. Note that while the HDD is repairing, new recordings are still being made, but some existing recordings may not be searchable until repair is complete.
  6. If you continue to observe playback issues after database repair, ensure there are no power, network, or motion detection issues. Should the problem persist, contact technical support.

 

Upgrading from Any v4.X Build to v4.50.00.

  1. Any v4.X build can be upgraded directly to v4.50.00.
  2. Export configuration is highly recommended before performing the upgrade.
  3. If upgrading from any v4.X version that was not v4.22.005, a Database Repair is recommended. Refer to Step 4 and onwards in the previous section.

 

Downgrading

Downgrading is not recommended. Due to new features and parameters constantly being added, downgrading may cause the NVR to factory default itself or require a manual default to operate properly.

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